International Youth Development

Search Institute’s frameworks have been utilized, adapted, and translated to deepen understanding of positive youth development around the world, particularly in developing countries. The framework of Developmental Assets has been most widely used. The Developmental Assets Profile has been adapted and translated in more than 30 countries as a measurement tool in international youth development efforts.


Research Reports and Briefs


Data sheet: Developmental Assets Beyond North America


Developmental Assets and Sexual and Reproductive Health among 10 to 14 Year Olds in Uganda. Peter C. Scales, Maura Shramko, and Kim Ashburn


Do Developmental Assets Make a Difference In Majority-World Contexts? Peter C. Scales, Eugene C. Roehlkepartain, and Kathie Fraher


With Their Own Voices: A Global Exploration of How Today’s Young People Experience and Think about Spiritual Development, Eugene C. Roehlkepartain, Peter L. Benson, Peter C. Scales, Lisa Kimball and Pamela E. King

Peer-Reviewed Articles and Scholarly Chapters

Drescher, C. F., Johnson, L. R., Kurz, A. S., Scales, P. C., & Kiliho, R. P. (2017). A developmental assets approach in East Africa: Can Swahili measures capture adolescent strengths and supports?, Child & Youth Care Forum, 1-21.

Scales, P. C., Roehlkepartain, E. C., & Shramko, M. (2017). Aligning youth development theory, measurement, and practice across cultures and contexts: Lessons from use of the Developmental Assets Profile. Child Indicators Research, 10(4), 1145–1178. doi: 10.1007/s12187-016-9395-x

Schwartz, K. D., Theron, L. C., & Scales, P. C. (2017). Seeking and finding positive youth development among Zulu youth in South African townships. Child Development.

Scales, P. C., Shramko, M., & Ashburn, K. (2016). Developmental assets and sexual and reproductive health among 10-to 14-year-olds in Northern Uganda. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 7(1), 45-64. doi: 10.18357/ijcyfs.71201615416

Spier, E. T., Britto, P.R., Pigott T., Roehlkepartain, E. C., McCarthy, M, Kidron Y, Song, M., Scales, P. C., Wagner. D., Lane, & J., Glover, J. (2016). Parental, community, and familial support interventions to improve children’s literacy in developing countries: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 4. doi:10.4073/csr.2016.4

Scales, P. C., Roehlkepartain, E. C., Wallace, T., Inselman, A., Stephenson, P., & Rodriguez, M. (2015). Brief report: Assessing youth well-being in global emergency settings: Early results from the Emergency Developmental Assets Profile. Journal of Adolescence, 45, 98-102. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.09.002

Scales, P. C, Syvertsen, A. K., Benson, P. L., Roehlkepartain, E. C., & Sesma, A., Jr. (2014). The relation of spiritual development to youth health and well-being: Evidence from a global study. In A. Ben-Arieh, F. Casas, I. Frones, & J. E. Korbin (Eds.) The handbook of child well-being (pp. 1101-1135). New York, NY: Springer.

Scales, P. C., Benson, P. L., Dershem, L., Fraher, K., Makkonen, R., Nazneen, S., Syvertsen, A. K., & Titus, S. (2013). Building developmental assets to empower adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh: Evaluation of Project “Kishoree Kontha.” Journal of Research on Adolescence, 23(1), 171–184. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00805.x

Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Syvertsen, A. K., & Roehlkepartain E. C. (2012). Is spiritual development a universal process in the lives of youth? An international exploration. Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(6), 453–470. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2012.732102

Scales, P. C. (2011). Youth developmental assets in global perspective: Results from international adaptations of the Developmental Assets Profile. Child Indicators Research, 4, 619–645. doi: 10.1007/s12187-011-9112-8